A house divided stands symbolically in the 1,503 monuments dedicated throughout the south to leaders of the Confederacy, including the eight in Statuary Hall in Congress. Dozens of memorials extol Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy. Three state capitols – Alabama, Kentucky and Virginia – prominently display statues of him.
Naturally, these memorials present a sanitised view of the Confederate cause. None of them note, for example, Davis’s signing of a measure designed as “just retribution” against President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, directing that captured black union soldiers be delivered to state governments for punishment and their white officers executed.
Ten US military bases are named after Confederate officers; one honours the head of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia.
These tributes to “slave power” were installed to glorify the romantic myth of the lost cause of Confederacy. They came after the crushing of democracy across the south by organised white terrorist organisations led by former Confederate officers. (The Guardian)